With 复合结构与独立主格结构习题讲解(二)

Master Osifu English独立主格结构与with的复合结构

With 的复合结构与独立主格结构的习题讲解(二)

今天这一讲,Master Osifu English 进一步为大家巩固With的复合结构与独立主格结构,以题型的形式来给大家分析,Master Osifu English希望通过练习题型帮助大家更牢固的掌握此语法点。

1.______, he would most probably be late.

A.Without anybody to call him   B.Anybody to call him  C. Nobody called him  D. With him to call

答案:A.

解析:此题考查的是with的反义词without的形式,其与with 的复合结构用法一样,是一种否定形式的表达。此处的逻辑主语anybody与非谓语动词call him是将来关系,故选A.

 

2.People attend the meeting, ____ women.

A.all of them were  B.all of whom      C. all of them       D. whom all were

答案:C.

解析:此题考查的是独立主格结构的名词/代词+名词的形式,故选C.

在此讲一下A选项,如果加上连词and,即and all of them were形式,与前面句子构成并列句,也可以选A;再看一下B选项,如果选项中加一个系动词were,即all of whom were形式,构成了定语从句就可以选B了。

 

3.____, we are all sure of its success.

A.With he taking charge of the work  B.With he’s taking charge on the work

C.His taking charge of the work   D.With him taking charge of the work

答案:D.

解析:此题一目了然,考查的是with的复合结构with+名词/代词+doing的形式。故选D.

 

4.Tom sat there, face_____ in his hands and wept.

A.being buried B. buried C. burying D. was buried

答案:B.

解析:此题考查的知识点是独立主格结构的名词/代词+done的形式,逻辑主语face与非谓语代词的关系为被动,故选B.有的人不理解这里的被动形式,大家要注意,大脑给予人指令的动作,理解为被动形式。

 

5.____, we went home in a hurry.

A.The meeting was over   B.As the meeting being over  C.Being over   D.The meeting over

答案:D.

解析:此题考查的知识点是独立主格结构的名词/代词+副词的形式,此题不难,故选D.

 

6.The boy fell to the ground from the tree, his eyes______and his hands______.

A.closing; trembled   B.closed; trembled   C.closing; trembling  D.closed; trembling

答案:B.

解析:此题考查的知识点是独立主格结构的名词/代词+done的形式,大家切记,大脑给予指令的动词,理解为被动形式,故选B.

 

7.______, the sun shone again.

A.The dark clouds having disappeared   B.Having disappeared the dark clouds

C.The dark clouds to disappear      D.With the dark clouds disappeared

答案:A.

解析:此题考查的知识点是独立主格结构的名词/代词+having done的形式,从题意看出,非谓语动词的动作先于谓语动词shone发生,所以用having done的形式,故选A.

 

知识点的掌握在于理解与重复,Master Osifu English用了两讲来帮助大家掌握语法点,希望大家灵活运用,此语法点若用于写作中,会很出彩。

 

 

 

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