主谓一致之就近原则(一)

主谓一致之就近原则(一)MasterOsifuEnglish

主谓一致之就近原则(一)

从这一讲开始,Master Osifu English为大家讲解主谓一致,何谓主谓一致?顾名思义,主谓一致即主语的单复数与谓语的单复数保持一致。就近原则就是谓语动词的人称和数与最近的主语保持一致。下面Master Osifu English 给大家一一列出:

 

1,当两个主语由or, either …or, neither …nor, whether…or…, not only…but also连接时,谓语动词与邻近的主语一致。

例如:Either the teacher or the students are our friends.

若交换一下主语,则为Either the students or the teacher is our friends.

 

Tom or his brothers are waiting in the room.

若交换一下主语,则为His brothers or Tom is waiting in the room.

 

Neither they nor he is wholly right.

此句若交换一下主语,则为Neither he or they are wholly right.

 

2.there be 句型中be动词单复数取决于其后的主语。若主语由and连接,则应与靠近的那个主语保持一致。

例如:There are two apples and a pear in the bag.

此句若这样,则为There is a pear and two apples in the bag.

 

注意:Here引导的句子用法同上。

 

下面以习题的形式为大家巩固此语法点。

1.Either you or one of your students_____to attend the meeting that is due tomorrow.

A.are   B.is C.have D.be

解析:答案B.

此题考查的主谓一致,按照就近原则,one of your students 的中心词为one,谓语动词应为单数,故选B.

 

2.Neither Tom nor Jack and I____his students.

A.are B.am   C.is   D.was

解析:答案A.

此题考查的主谓一致,按照就近原则,Jack and I是两个人,谓语动词应为复数,故选A.

如果nor后只有I,则可选B.

 

3.Not only my brother but also I____good at painting. Both of us ____good painters.

A.are; are B.am; am C.am; are D.is; is

解析:答案C.

此题考查的主谓一致,按照就近原则, I 与am搭配;both of us为复数,与are 搭配,故选C.

 

4.There ____a pen, two pencils and three books on the desk.

A.are B.is C.has D.have

解析:答案B.

此题考查的主谓一致,按照就近原则,a pen为单数,谓语动词应为is, 故选B.

 

主谓一致的就近原则很固定,大家要牢记这些词,随机运用即可。Master Osifu English就讲到这里。

 

 

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