主谓一致之语法一致原则(三)

主谓一致之语法一致原则(三)MasterOsifuEnglish

主谓一致之语法一致原则(三)

接上一讲,Master Osifu English继续为大家讲解主谓一致之语法一致原则,主谓一致的语法点比较简单,大家只需把主语单复数确定,然后谓语动词的数与主语保持一致即可。Master Osifu English以讲练结合的形式为大家详解。

 

5.在定语从句中,关系代词that, who, which等做主语时,其谓语动词的数应与句中的先行词的数保持一致。

例如:He is one of my friends who are working hard.(此处的主语是friends,为复数)

He is the only one of my friends who is working hard. (此处的主语friends由the only限制,应为单数)

 

6.如果集体名词指的是整个集体,其谓语动词用单数;如果指集体的成员,其谓语动词用复数。这些词有:family, class, crowd, committee, population, audience等。

例如:Class Four is on the third floor.

Class Four are unable to agree upon a monitor.

 

注意:people, police, cattle等名词一般用作复数。

例如:The police are looking for the lost child.

 

7.由 ‘a lot of, lots of, plenty of, the rest of, the majority of+名词’构成的短语以及由 ‘分数或百分数+名词’构成的短语作主语,其谓语动词的数要根据短语中后面名词的数而定。

例如:There are a lot of people in the classroom.

The rest of the lecture is wonderful.

50% of the students in our class are girls.

 

注意:a number of ‘许多’,作定语修饰复数名词时,谓语用复数;the number of ‘…的数量’,主语是number,谓语用单数。

 

8.在倒装句中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致。

例如:There comes the bus.

On the wall are many pictures.

Such is the result.

Such are the facts.

 

下面以习题形式为大家演练。

1.The number of deer, mountain lions and wild roses ____much if people leave things as they are.

A.doesn’t change B.don’t change C.change D.changed

解析:答案A.

此题考查是的词组The number of+名词,这里的主语是number, 为单数形式,故谓语动词也为单数,所以选A.

 

2.This is one of the most interesting questions that ____asked.

A.have B.has C.have been D.has been

解析:答案C.

此题考查的是定语从句中,that作主语时,后面的谓语动词与先行词的单复数保持一致。此处的先行词是questions, 为复数形式,根据句意,此句是被动语态,故选C.

 

3.The whole class___the teacher attentively.

A.are listening to B.is listening to C.are listening D.is listening

解析:答案A.

此题考查的是集合名词class的用法,此处的class代表班级中的每个个体,是复数形式, listen to sb是固定词组,故选A.

 

4.Between the two rows of trees____the teaching building.

A.stand B.stands C.standing D.are

解析:答案B.

此题考查的是介词短语位于句首的倒装句的用法,其主语是the teaching building,为单数形式,谓语要与之保持一致,故选B.

 

大家根据语法点做题,会越来越熟练。Master Osifu English希望大家牢记此语法点。

 

 

 

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