主谓一致之逻辑意义一致原则(六)

主谓一致之逻辑意义一致原则(六)MasterOsifuEnglish

主谓一致之逻辑意义一致原则(六)

今天,Master Osifu English继续为大家讲解主谓一致。这一讲是主谓一致的逻辑意义一致原则的最后一讲,记住这些细节的东西,学会英文将一切无碍。Master Osifu English会尽心尽力帮助大家。

 

9.aircraft, deer, fish, means, series, sheep, works, species等作主语时,根据意义决定单复数。

例如:The sheep is big.

The sheep are eating the grass.

 

10.population作主语时,若作为一个整体,谓语动词用单数;当涉及到人口组成时,用复数形式。

例如:The population of China is larger than that of Japan.

One third of the population here are workers.

 

11.a(large)quantity of 修饰可数名词或不可数名词,其短语作主语时,谓语动词依照of后面名词的单复数而定。

例如:A large quantity of people is needed here.

A large quantity of blouses were on sale.

 

注意:quantities一般用复数形式。

如,Quantities of food(nuts) were on the table.

短语如in quantities, in large quantities意为‘大量’;in small quantities意为‘少量’。

 

12.a great deal of, a large amount of 修饰不可数名词,其短语作主语时,谓语动词通常用单数;large amounts of 修饰不可数名词,其短语作主语时,谓语动词通常用复数。

例如:A great deal of(A large amount of) damage was done in a very short time.

Large amounts of money were spent on the bridge.

 

下面大家练习几个习题,进一步熟悉以上知识点。

1.Large quantities of water_____for irrigation.

A.is needed   B.has needed C.are needed   D.need

解析:答案C.

此题考查的是短语quantities of+名词作主语时,谓语动词用复数形式,故选C.

 

2.The population of the city ___ increasing fast.

A.is   B.were   C.be D.are

解析:答案A.

此题考查的是population作主语时,为一个整体,所以谓语动词用单数,故选A.

 

大家可以在业余时间更多的练习,Master Osifu English今天就讲解到这。

 

 

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