高考真题解题技巧三:细节题

英语高考真题解题技巧三:细节题的解题技巧MasterOsifuEnglish

英语高考真题解题技巧三:细节题的解题技巧

今天这一讲,Master Osifu English为大家讲解阅读理解中细节题的解题技巧,细节题的题量最多,大家要抓住问题中的核心词,带着核心词去文章中找答案,所有的答案都在文章中。希望大家顺着Master Osifu English的思路,我们一起来实战演练。

 

下面以2011年山东高考真题A篇为例,大家一起看:

Arthur Miller(1915-2005)is universally recognized as one of the greatest dramatists of the 20th century.①Miller`s father had moved to the USA from Austria Hungary, drawn like so many other by the “Great American Dream”. However, he experienced severe financial hardship when his family business was ruined in the Great Depression of the early l930s.

 

Miller’s most famous play, Death of a Salesman, is a powerful attack on the American system, with its aggressive way of doing business and its insistence on money and social status as indicators of worth. In Willy Loman, the hero of the play, we see a man who has got into trouble with this system. Willy is “burnt out” and in the cruel world of business there is no room for sentiment : if he can’t do the work, then he is no good to his employer, the Wagner Company, and he must go.Willy is painfully aware of this, and at a loss as to what to do with his lack of success. He refuses to face the fact that he has failed and kills himself in the end.

 

When it was first staged in 1949 ,the play was greeted with enthusiastic reviews, and it won the Tony Award for Best Play, the New York Drama Critics’ Circle Award, and the Pulitzer Prize for DramaIt was the first play to win all three of these major awards.

 

Miller died of heart failure at his home in Roxbury, Connecticut, on the evening of February 10,2005,the 56th anniversary of the first performance of Death of a Salesman on Broadway.

56.Why did Arthur Miller’ s father move to the USA?

 A.He suffered from severe hunger in his home country.

 B.He was attracted by the “Great American Dream.

 C.He hoped to make his son a dramatist.      

 D.His family business failed.

 

59.After it was first staged, Death of a Salesman

A.achieved huge success                               

B.won the first Tony Award

C.was warmly welcomed by salesmen           

D.was severely attacked by dramatists

56.答案B.

解析:思路,在56题中,问题中的核心词是Arthur Miller’ s father与move to the USA,带着这两个核心词,我们去文章中找这两个词所在的位置,在第一段的第二句;选项中意思与文章中的这句话最接近的为最佳答案,通过句意,选项B意思最接近,故选B.

 

59.答案A.

解析:思路,在59题中,核心词是first staged与Death of a Salesman,带着这两个核心词去文章中找这两个词所在的文章,在第三段的第一句话;通过读句子,选项中A项的意思最接近文章中句子的意思,故选A.

 

大家切记,所有细节题的解题思路都是一样的。首先定位核心词;其次带着核心词去文章找所在的位置;然后读句子与选项进行对比,选项中意思与文章中句子最接近的即为最佳答案。

Master Osifu English祝福大家一切顺利!

 

 

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